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Dental implants are considered the best way to replace missing teeth and anchor bridges and dentures. Implants are a permanent solution to these problems and help maintain the integrity of the jawbone as well. The artificial tooth root is typically a titanium screw post that has proven to be safe and effective to replace the natural tooth root. Once the post is implanted into the bone, it will gradually grow around the implant to secure it just as it does for a natural root. Dental implant technology is very sophisticated and provides an excellent solution for maintaining healthy teeth, gums and jawbone.
When you consult with our implant specialist, you may learn about the different types of implants. Your teeth, gums and jaw will be examined and the best option may be prescribed. Since implants attach to the jawbone, it needs to be healthy. If there are any issues with the bone, it may be possible to reconstruct the jawbone with bone grafting. Dental implants are described according to how they attach to the jaw and their shape. Here are the three main types of dental implants.
Endosseous – this means within the bone and is the most common type of implant. As described above, the screw or cylinder may be a titanium post, a metal post covered with ceramic or a fully ceramic material. Some endosseous implants are blade-shaped. These are implanted into the bone. After a few weeks or a month, the bone grows around the artificial root. When the post is secure, an abutment or platform is attached to the top and the artificial tooth is fixed to the abutment.
Subperiosteal – this means on top of the bone and consists of a metal framework that is attached to the top of the jawbone. An opening in the gum is required in order to attach the frame. As the gum heals, it covers the framework and small posts that are attached to the framework appear above the gum. The false tooth or crown is attached to an abutment that is on the top of the posts. This type of implant may be used for a person who has a shallow jawbone and does not want to go through the process to rebuild it.
Transosteal – means through the bone and consist of a metal pin or U-shaped frame that is passed through the gum and jawbone into the mouth. The screws are inserted through the bone, penetrating the entire jaw and emerging near the chin where they are secured with a pressure plate and a nut. They are usually made of titanium and the bone will regenerate around the posts.
Dental implants are a permanent solution for many problems including one or more missing teeth, replacing a fixed or removable bridge and for replacing or anchoring dentures. Only after a thorough examination of your jawbone and gums can our specialist choose the right kind of implant for you. If you are interested in dental implants, Andover Smiles can help you. Contact our office in North Andover to learn more.